Ukraine saw three manmade Holodomors (famines) in the years 1922-1923 , 1932-1933 and 1946-1947. These three famines cost Ukraine more than 16 million lives and were engineered by the Soviet government with the aim of mass murder of the indigenous Ukrainian population, bearing the signs of ethnic cleansing through death by starvation. The Great Famine, or Holodomor, of 1932-33 led to approximately 10 million fatalities on the territory of the former Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.
Ten million human lives; this is the price Ukraine paid Ukrainian farmers in particular for the will desire to preserve a distinct identity, culture and way of life connected to a network of numerous privately-owned farms, which, in turn, formed the basis of Ukraine’s economic development. Extermination through famine appeared to be the most-effective way of subjugatinge the freedom-loving, industrious Ukrainian nation, coupled with the restriction of the Ukrainian cultural and linguistic spheres.
Many years have passed since the Holodomor, during which the Communist government systematically continued to destroy any semblance of Ukrainian identity and intimidate economic activity and civic activism aimed at preserving the Ukrainian language, culture and life. The tools used for this were quite extensive and many of the same methods of suppressing civic activism are still used today in post-Soviet territories. The annihilation of potential leadership at all levels, the subsequent stifling of the national liberation movement, all these factors had a direct negative influence on the formation of Ukrainian civil society .
Throughout decades of Communism the green shoots of civic stature, activism and society sprouted in Ukraine . The legacy of the 1991 referendum, Maidan 2004 and Маidan 2014, the volunteer movement around military activity in East Ukraine, the growing activism of new generations, and the democratization and individualization of society are all evidence of the slow yet certain evolution of civil society as the foundation of a strong and stable Ukraine.
We kindly invite you to the conference “Legacy of the Holodomor in Ukraine: from post-genocidal to civil society”, which will be held on 27 November 2015 at 14.00 at the Institute for Global for Justice in The Hague (Sophialaan 10, 2514 JR The Hague),
– Yaroslav Hrytsak, Professor аt the Ukrainian Catholic Univеrsity (Lviv, Ukraine), Director of the Petro Jacyk Program for the Study of Modern Ukrainian History and Society (Alberta, Canada/Lviv, Ukraine)
– Dr. Karel Berkhoff, Senior Researcher NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (Amsterdam, The Netherlands)
– Dr. Eamon Aloyo, Senior Researcher on the Conflict Prevention Program , The Hague Institue for Global Justice (The Hague, The Netherlands)
– Anne Applebaum, Pulitzer-prize winning author, columnist for the Washington Post (USA) and Slate (USA), Director of the Legatum Institute Transitions Forum at (London, United Kindgom), and Adjunct Fellow of the Center for European Policy Analysis (Washington, DC, USA)
– Dr. Borys Guzdiak, President of the Ukrainian Catholic University (Lviv, Ukraine), Bishop and Eparch of the Paris Eparchy of St. Volodymyr the Great (Paris, France)
– Christina Santore, ( moderator), writer, editor and international communications consultant ( Amsterdam. The Netherlands)
– Discussion with speakers and other conference guests.
– An exhibition of photographs, documents (some previously classified as top secret), examples from foreign newspaper clippings and excerpts from the diary of Welsh journalist Gareth Jones, who witnessed the Holodmor in Ukraine and was first to public ally acknowledge it.
– Segment screening from the film “Holod 33″ (Famine 33) by Ukrainian director Oles Yanchuk.
– Violin Roxolana Mendryshora. A performance of «Melody of the Ukrainian Holodomor -1932-33”», by Ukrainian composer (Myroslav. Skoryk)
The conference is being held under the auspices of First Lady of Ukraine, Maryna Poroshenko. .
” Ukrainians in the Netherlands” Foundation
The Embassy of Ukraine in the Kingdom of the Netherlands
The Socires Foundation
The Institute for Global Justice
Ukraine International Airways
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